Category Archive : Raw Material Arbitrage

How to make $10,000 yearly with ZINC

Zinc is essential for a healthy life. Zinc deficiency can cause rashes, diarrhea, impaired taste and eye problems. It is used to macular degeneration, diabetes and the common cold.

Zinc, an essential mineral, is naturally present in some foods, added to others, and available as a dietary supplement. Zinc is also found in some cold lozenges, over-the-counter drugs sold as cold remedies, and some denture adhesive creams. Zinc is involved in many aspects of cellular metabolism.

it is a major player in the creation of DNA, growth of cells, building proteins, healing damaged tissue, and supporting a healthy immune system. [1] Because it helps cells to grow and multiply, adequate zinc is required during times of rapid growth, such as childhood, adolescence, and pregnancy.

As we said before, zinc futures are traded on commodity exchanges like the London Metals Exchange (LME) and the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX). In India, these can be bought and sold on the Multi-Commodity Exchange (MCX).

Prices are expected to remain stable at these levels through 2022 before softening to $2,500 per metric ton in 2023 and to $2,200 by 2025. Long-term trends for zinc are unchanged at $2,100 per metric ton, though the metal’s price trends for the period between 2022 and 2025 were lifted by $100 to $500 per metric ton.

Uses of Zinc

  • The metal is used for manufacturing like creating roofing materials or making zinc oxide.
  • The metallic element is used for various purposes ranging from sunscreens to solar cells to nuclear reactors.
  • The metal helps in maintaining the balance of enzymes in the human body.
  • It is used as a white pigment for oil-based paints.
  • Another important use of zinc oxide is as an additive to the rubber used to make automobile tires.
  • Zinc oxide can withstand high temperatures and it prevents the tires from breaking apart when they get hot.
  • Freshly cast zinc has a bluish silver surface but is slowly oxidised in air to form a film of greyish protective oxides. Highly pure zinc (99.99 percent) is ductile; the so-called prime western grade (99.8 percent pure) is brittle when cold but can be rolled over 100 ° C (212 ° F) into flexible sheets. The zinc crystallises in the tightly packed hexagonal form.
  • Zinc is widely used in the die casting industry. At present, zinc is the world’s fourth most widely consumed metal after iron, aluminium and copper. It has strong anti-corrosive properties and is well connected to other metals. Accordingly, about half of the zinc produced is used in galvanising zinc, which is the method of applying thin layers of zinc to iron or steel to avoid rusting.
  • The next leading use of zinc is as an alloy; the zinc is mixed with copper (to form brass) and other metals to form materials used in vehicles, electrical parts, and household appliances. A third significant use of zinc is in the production of zinc oxide (the most important zinc chemical by volume of production), which is used as a protective skin ointment in rubber manufacture.
  • Zinc is essential to health, as well. It is a critical element to proper human, animal, and plant growth and development. The adult human body contains between 2 and 3 grams of zinc which is the amount required for the proper functioning of the body’s enzymes and immune system.

Physical Properties of Zinc

  • Zinc is generally seen as part of larger compound minerals.
  • When secluded, it is a very sparkly, whitish-blue metal.
  • The metal is not as soft as copper and has lesser uses.

Certain Facts about Zinc

  • In 1746, Marggraf secluded and defined zinc as a distinct metal.
  • In the fourth period or row in the periodic table of elements, zinc is the last transition element.
  • Large doses of zinc, especially when taken on an empty stomach, can cause nausea and other forms of gastrointestinal upset. Large doses of zinc can also induce a deficiency of copper and lead to overdose.
  • Many supplements use much more than the RDA, and a combination of supplements, fortified foods, and high zinc foods can result in exceeding the adults’ tolerable upper intake level of 40 mg per day.
  • Childhood zinc deficiency can hurt growth. Zinc deficiency in adults can lead to hypogonadism in men, as well as mental lethargy, depression and defects in the skin.

About three-fourths of zinc used is consumed as metal, mainly as a coating to protect iron and steel from corrosion (galvanized metal), as alloying metal to make bronze and brass, as zinc-based die casting alloy, and as rolled zinc.

4 Uses of Diamond that will make You $13,000 monthly

Introduction – What is Diamond?

Diamond is an allotrope of carbon in which the carbon atoms are arranged in a diamond cubic crystal lattice. Of all naturally occurring materials, diamond boasts the highest thermal conductivity and hardness. These properties of diamond make it a very useful component of industrial cutting and polishing tools.

This allotrope of carbon is made in the upper mantle of the Earth. It is entirely made up of carbon (just like graphite and coal). This arrangement of carbon atoms arises due to immense heat and high pressure.  Some important uses of Diamond are listed in this article.

Uses of Diamond

Diamond has a wide range of applications in several industries.

1.Uses of Diamond in Jewelry

They are used in jewelry (such as earrings, nose rings, engagement rings, pendants, etc.) due to their shiny lustre and their durability.  They are used in making jewelry because of their durability and luster property

2.Uses of Diamond in Industry

Diamonds are used for industrial purpose. Its property of hardness is useful to drill, grind or cut materials. Hence, some blades used for cutting and drills in the industry used diamonds. They are present on the edges and tips in small sizes.

3.Diamond in Beauty Products

Diamond in facial and diamond exfoliator is available these days. Beauty products have started including diamond dust and therefore the cost will definitely be high. Use of diamond in beauty products is to reduce wrinkles etc.

4.Other uses of Diamond

To improve sound quality it is used in audio equipment. Diamonds produce high-quality sound because they are hard and vibrate easily at high speed. It is also used in DJ equipment and high-quality recorders. In these, it is used as diamond record needles. Nano diamonds have potential health benefits.


Make $7,000 weekly with Diamond

diamond, a mineral composed of pure carbon. It is the hardest naturally occurring substance known; it is also the most popular gemstone. Because of their extreme hardness, diamonds have a number of important industrial applications.

A diamonds’ price is determined primarily by the 4 Cs of the diamond. On the wholesale level, diamond prices are first based on a diamond shape and size range (e.g. 1.00ct – 1.49ct). After that, it is broken down by color and clarity and then priced per carat. That price is then multiplied by the specific weight of the diamond. Other qualities impact the price as well such as cut, fluorescence, types of imperfections, etc.

The role of a trader is purchasing in bulk and reselling to retailers on a profitable margin. The diamond trader salary has high potential when the capital is available to purchase large quantities at a discount and resell them around the marketplace.

The business of diamonds is extremely high value and the diamond broker salary potential is high for a busy broker. The diamonds themselves have several important placements in the supply chain. They are first mined and these rough diamonds are sold either directly to retailers or to traders.

The broker differs from the trader because they never actually own the diamonds. A broker facilitates the purchase of diamonds between a seller and a buyer. This can happen at varying levels. For example, a broker may manage the sale of a rare, private collection of diamonds between two private parties. The broker may also manage the sale of raw diamonds between the mine and a retail partner.

Building a Broker Business

If you work with an existing company, they may help with leads and cover some of your costs as a broker. Regardless, an employed and independent broker both must complete many of the same objectives.

The broker is tasked with connecting buyers and sellers. The value in the brokerage business is making that connection while safely facilitating the transfer of the diamonds and money. The broker must setup an escrow service hold currency while the diamonds are verified by the broker or a certified inspector.

After the diamonds are verified, the broker can manage the hands on aspect of the transfer with personal security or use a security company to manage the transfer. As the physical transfer takes place, the funds are released to the seller. The broker makes money on a percentage cut of the sale or a flat fee depending on the preferred business model.

In many cases, the broker charges a service fee to cover overhead and a percentage that essentially functions as a commission. A diamond broker salary varies widely based on the number and value of transactions managed each year.

Selling Brokerage Services

Selling the service requires working to find sellers and buyers alike. You must find diamond mines, private party sellers and collectors that frequently buy and sell diamonds. This process requires research to locate contacts and networking skills to make the personal connections and introduce yourself along with your services.

After acquiring numerous sources of diamonds for sale, you must find the clientele that wants to purchase diamonds. Working with retailers to safely broker buys with mines is a good model. It cuts out the traders and opens the retail business to a higher margin on their purchase. This justifies the cost of your brokerage service and both parties benefit.

Outside of retailers, you can advertise online and you can network in the small world of high-end jewelry, so that you can build a list of potential private party buyers. A monthly newsletter with inventory for sale is a good idea, because your subscribers can view product but can only bid when they see something desirable.

Make $12,000 yearly on Silver

Silver is a chemical element with the symbol Ag (from Latin argentum ‘silver’, derived from the Proto-Indo-European h₂erǵ ‘shiny, white’) and atomic number 47. A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it exhibits the highest electrical conductivitythermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal.[6] The metal is found in the Earth’s crust in the pure, free elemental form (“native silver”), as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite. Most silver is produced as a byproduct of copper, gold, lead, and zinc refining.

It is used for jewellery and silver tableware, where appearance is important. Silver is used to make mirrors, as it is the best reflector of visible light known, although it does tarnish with time. It is also used in dental alloys, solder and brazing alloys, electrical contacts and batteries.

Precious metals such as silver have long been an alternative to traditional investments such as stocks and bonds. When times get tough or the economy faces severe inflationary pressures, some investors turn to silver to hedge their bets or to invest more defensively. Silver prices spiked in March 2023 following the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank, as concerns were raised about the stability of the financial system.

Investors like silver for many reasons, but many see it as a store of value in uncertain times, while others see silver and other precious metals such as gold as protection against inflation. For this latter group, investing in silver is a way to be sure that they have a currency that can’t be inflated away by money printing or potentially destructive Federal Reserve policy.

There are a number of ways to invest in silver, from owning it outright to owning shares in companies that produce it. Here are five of the best ways to invest in silver.

5 popular ways to buy and sell silver

Each of the ways to invest in silver comes with its own risks and rewards.

1. Coins or bullion

Owning physical silver, either as coins or bullion, is a psychologically and emotionally satisfying way to invest in silver. You have possession of it and can use it, if necessary. And in some cases, it’s actually relatively easy to access. For example, U.S. coins made before 1964 contain about 90 percent silver, and you can purchase them at the value of their silver content.

If the price of silver rises, you can make a profit on silver coins and bullion, but that’s the only way you’ll make money here, since the physical commodity does not produce cash flow, unlike a quality business.

You can purchase silver through local dealers and pawn shops or online dealers such as APMEX or JM Bullion. More specialized dealers allow you to purchase whole bars rather than just coins.

Risks: It can be easy to overpay for physical silver, so be sure to note the spot price to ensure that you’re getting a fair price. Similarly, if you need cash in a hurry, you may not be able to get the full value for your physical silver, especially if you need to go through a dealer.

Watch out if you’re buying collectible coins, since you’ll likely pay extra for the collectibility of the coin, meaning that you’re overpaying for the actual silver content. Finally, like all physical assets, silver is subject to theft, so you’ll have to safeguard it and maybe even insure it.

2. Silver futures

Silver futures are an easy way to wager on the rising or falling price of silver without any of the hassles of owning physical silver. You could even take physical delivery of the silver, though that’s not the typical motivation of those speculating in the futures markets.

Silver futures are an attractive way to play the silver market because of the high amount of leverage available in futures contracts. In other words, you have to put up relatively little capital to own a relatively large position in the metal. If silver futures move in the right direction, you’ll make a lot of money very quickly, though you can lose it just as quickly if you’re wrong.

Risks: The leverage in future contracts works both ways, meaning it magnifies your gains and your losses. If the market moves against you, you’ll have to put up more money to hold the position. And if you can’t, the broker will close out the position and you’ll be stuck with a loss.

Futures are risky, and they’re more suitable for sophisticated traders. You’ll usually need a large account balance to get started, too. Finally, only some online brokers offer futures trading.

3. ETFs that own silver

If you don’t want to own physical silver directly but also want a lower-risk method than futures, you can buy an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that owns physical silver. You’ll have the potential reward for owning silver if the price rises, but fewer risks such as theft. An ETF that owns physical silver will deliver the return of silver prices minus the ETF’s expense ratio.

ETFs offer another advantage, too. You’ll be able to sell your silver at the market price, and the funds are highly liquid. So you’ll be able to sell your funds at what’s likely the best price, and you can do so on any day the stock market is open.

The two main ETFs owning physical silver are iShares Silver Trust (SLV) and Aberdeen Standard Physical Silver Shares ETF (SIVR). Traders can also wager on the silver market via an ETF that owns futures contracts through ProShares Ultra Silver (AGQ), though it’s better as a short-term bet than a long-term hold, because of how the fund is structured.

Risks: Like gold and other commodities, silver can be volatile, especially over short periods. But with an ETF you’ll be able to dodge some of the bigger risks of owning physical silver yourself, namely the risk of theft, the illiquidity and the poor pricing when it’s time to trade.

4. Silver mining stocks

You can also take advantage of a rising silver market by owning the stocks of companies that mine the metal.

By owning a miner you can benefit in two ways. First, if the price of silver rises, the company’s earnings should rise along with it. In fact, silver miners’ profits will rise faster than the price of silver, all else equal. Second, the miner can raise production over time, also increasing its profits. That’s an extra way to win with silver, over and above just betting on the price itself.

Risks: Any time you invest in an individual company, it’s important to do extensive analysis on it, to be sure that you’re buying a high-quality company that can succeed. Many miners are risky outfits, and some have yet to dig a hole in the ground, let alone mine silver from it. Plus, because their profits depend on the volatile price of silver, mining stocks can be volatile, too.

5. ETFs that own silver miners

If you’re not looking to do a lot of analysis on silver miners but still want the advantages of owning a mining company, you can turn to an ETF that owns silver miners. You’ll get diversified exposure to miners and lower risk than owning one or two individual mining stocks.

Three ETFs are classified as silver miners, according to ETF Database: Global X Silver Miners ETF (SIL), iShares MSCI Global Silver Miners ETF (SLVP) and ETFMG Prime Junior Silver Miners ETF (SILJ).

Risks: A sector ETF reduces the costs of any single miner doing poorly, but anything that hits the whole industry, such as a falling price of silver, will likely ding the fund significantly. And pay close attention to what’s in those funds, since they’re not all created equal. Some may offer more exposure to higher-quality companies, while others focus more on riskier junior miners.

Most importance of iron ore in development

”The earth Has He given for benefits to the children of men”-Ultimate Kalasa

The Earth’s natural resources are manifold and plentiful, and they can be used in different ways. One of such resources is iron ore, which is an important component (part) in steel production. While iron ore has many advantages, it also has several disadvantages that must be considered when deciding its use. Here’s what you need to know about the advantages and disadvantages of iron ore.

4 Advantages of Iron Ore

One advantage of iron ore is that it is a relatively renewable resource because it can be extracted from the Earth’s surface without needing to dig too deep or use too much energy. This makes it much easier to obtain than other minerals or metals that may require extensive mining operations or large amounts of energy to extract them from their sources. Additionally, since it can be mined relatively quickly, this helps keep costs down for companies who need iron ore to make products from it.

Another advantage of iron ore is that it can be utilized in several different products and processes and is an essential component in steel production. For example, iron ore can be used in automotive parts, railroad tracks, building materials for construction projects, tools for manufacturing purposes, and even medical equipment. This versatility means that companies have more options when deciding how to utilize this mineral resource.

  • Iron ore is a fully sufficient mineral on Earth, one of the major minerals used by humans.
  • Iron ore is a solid and durable material that has a lot of uses.
  • Iron ore is relatively easy to mine and process, making it an excellent choice for construction and development.
  • The high iron content of iron ore makes it an ideal material for use in the production of steel.


Disadvantages of Iron Ore

Despite its advantages, some setbacks are also associated with using iron ore. For one thing, there are concerns about environmental damage due to mining operations needed to obtain the material from beneath the ground’s surface. This includes potential water pollution and soil contamination due to runoff from these operations. In addition, some regions may need more access to sources of high-grade iron ore due to their location or other factors such as political instability or lack of infrastructure for transportation or extraction processes.

Another disadvantage of using iron ore is its toxicity if not appropriately handled during the processing or product development phases. Some people working with raw materials may be exposed if proper safety precautions are not taken while handling them. Additionally, depending on where the source material comes from, there could be potential human rights violations related to those involved in obtaining the raw material, such as forced labor or child labor conditions associated with certain mines located overseas where regulations on working conditions may not be strictly enforced.

Utilizing iron ore has it up’s and down, but at the end of the day, it remains an important component used in many industries worldwide today. When dealing with any mining operation, due diligence should always be taken so that potential risks associated with environmental damage or human rights violations are minimized where possible. By understanding both sides of this complex issue, businesses will have all the information they need to make informed decisions about how best to utilize this important mineral resource.

How To Make Money on Oil Extraction (make $10,000 on Oil Extraction)


Oil is produced (extracted) using different methods depending on geology and location. After recovering the oil, it is sent to refineries to create refined products we use every day, such as gasoline.

The first efforts to tap the oil sands resource began in the mid 20th century using hot water to separate bitumen from sand. Since then the process has evolved into the sophisticated methods we use to extract oil today.


Oil is a black, brownish or amber liquid. A complex mix of hydrocarbons including carbon, hydrogen, sulphur, nitrogen, oxygen and metals, oil formed millions of years ago from animal and plant remains deposited in sand and silt, and pressurized by layers of sedimentary rock.

Oil is classified as light, medium, heavy or extra heavy. Light and medium oil can flow naturally to the earth’s surface and is generally extracted from the ground using vertical drilling and pumping – this includes Canada’s offshore oil. Some light oil is trapped in “tight” (non-porous) rock formations, usually shale. This “light tight oil” can be recovered using horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing. Heavy oil has a thick consistency that does not flow easily, often requiring advanced technology to extract.

The Canadian regions with tight oil reservoirs include the Bakken, which is found primarily in Saskatchewan; several fields in Alberta including Cardium and Viking; and the Montney and Duvernay in Alberta and B.C.

How is Oil Extracted?

Oil is recovered (extracted) using different methods, mostly depending on geology.


Conventional oil is extracted from underground reservoirs using traditional drilling and pumping methods. Conventional oil is a liquid at atmospheric temperature and pressure, so it can flow through a wellbore and a pipeline – unlike bitumen (oil sands oil) which is too thick to flow without being heated or diluted. It’s easier and less expensive to recover conventional oil and it requires less processing after extraction. Conventional oil development is both land-based and offshore.


Unconventional oil cannot be recovered using conventional drilling and pumping methods. Advanced extraction techniques, such as oil sands mining and in situ development, are used to recover heavier oil that does not flow on its own. Oil found in geological formations that make it more difficult to extract, such as light tight oil (LTO), is also called unconventional oil because non-traditional techniques are needed to extract the oil from the underground reservoir. Light tight oil is found throughout much of the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin (WCSB), plus in Central and Eastern Canada. LTO is found deep below the earth’s surface, primarily within low-permeability rock formations including shale, sandstone and mudstone reservoirs. This kind of oil extraction uses horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing.

Surface Mining

Oil recovery in the oil sands uses two main methods: mining or in situ, depending on how deep the oil sands deposits are.

Surface mining is used when oil sands deposits lie within 70 meters (200 feet) of the earth’s surface. Twenty per cent of oil sands reserves are close enough to the surface to be mined. Large shovels scoop oil sand into haul trucks that transport it to crushers where large clumps are broken down. The oil sand is then mixed with hot water and pumped by pipeline to a plant called an upgrader, where the bitumen (oil) is separated from the other components such as sand, clay and water.

How To Start A Lucrative Mining Company In Nigeria and make $29,000 yearly


Mining has been a significant part of Nigeria and Africa’s economy, providing valuable minerals and resources that have contributed to the development of various industries. In Nigeria, mining has historically played a crucial role in the growth of the country’s economy, with the sector contributing 0.3% to the GDP in 2018. Africa, on the other hand, is home to over 30% of the world’s mineral reserves, making it a crucial player in the global mining industry.

The mining sector in Nigeria has the potential to contribute significantly to the country’s economy, with estimates showing that it can generate up to $27 billion by 2025. Similarly, the mining industry in Africa has the potential to become a major driver of economic growth, given the continent’s vast mineral resources and the growing demand for minerals globally.

Despite the potential of the mining sector in Nigeria and Africa, the industry remains largely underdeveloped due to inadequate infrastructure, limited investment, and outdated mining practices. However, recent efforts by the government to promote the industry through policy reforms, investment incentives, and partnerships with private companies are beginning to yield positive results.

Furthermore, Nigeria’s mining sector has significant export opportunities for local mining companies, especially in the areas of mineral processing and value addition. The Nigerian government has implemented policies to encourage local companies to invest in mineral processing and value addition to increase exports of finished products.

In Africa, the mining industry is attracting significant foreign investment, with China being a major player. The continent has become an attractive destination for mining companies due to its vast mineral resources and improving business environment.

To fully tap into the potential of the mining sector in Nigeria and Africa, there is a need for increased investment, improved infrastructure, and adoption of modern mining practices. The industry has the potential to create job opportunities, boost the economy, and contribute to sustainable development in the region.

See Also: How To Start Exporting Muscovite Mica Minerals From Nigeria To International Buyers

What Is Mining?

Mining is the process of extracting minerals, metals, and other valuable geological materials from the earth’s surface or subsurface. It involves various techniques, including underground and surface mining, as well as exploration and development of mines.

The scientific name for mining is “extractive metallurgy,” which involves the extraction of metals and minerals from ores through various physical and chemical methods.

Mining plays a vital role in the global economy, as it provides essential raw materials for various industries, including construction, manufacturing, and energy production.

In Nigeria and Africa, mining has significant potential for economic growth, job creation, and revenue generation. However, the industry faces several challenges, including poor infrastructure, regulatory and legal hurdles, and environmental concerns.

See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Consulting Business In Nigeria and Africa: The Complete Guide

What Is The Mining Company Business In Nigeria and Africa About?

Mining business is a process that involves the extraction of minerals, metals, and other valuable resources from the earth’s crust. This process involves a range of techniques and technologies to extract and process the resources efficiently and safely. The mining industry in Nigeria and Africa is a vital sector, contributing significantly to the economic growth and development of the region. Mining companies invest heavily in research to identify potential areas for mineral exploration and the best methods for extraction.

Mining companies in Nigeria and Africa produce a variety of minerals, including gold, diamond, bauxite, copper, tin, and iron ore. The production yield after mining varies depending on the type of mineral, the location of the mine, and the extraction method used. For example, gold mining in Nigeria and Africa has produced significant yields, with the continent being the world’s second-largest producer of gold.

Mining companies provides a significant export opportunity for Nigeria. The country has vast mineral resources, but the mining industry is still in its infancy, with enormous potential for growth. The government has implemented several policies and programs aimed at attracting foreign investment in the sector, creating jobs, and diversifying the economy

See Also: How The Son Of A Former African School Teacher Made Over $1 Billion Dollars

Benefits of The Mining Company Business In Nigeria and Africa

  1. Economic Growth: The mining industry contributes significantly to the economic growth of Nigeria and Africa. The exportation of minerals helps to boost the economy and create employment opportunities.
  2. Source of Revenue: Mining companies generate revenue for both the government and the private sector. The government benefits from taxes and royalties, while private companies earn profits.
  3. Foreign Exchange Earnings: Mining companies help to earn foreign exchange through the exportation of minerals. This helps to boost the balance of payments.
  4. Diversification of the Economy: The mining industry helps to diversify the economy of Nigeria and Africa. This reduces the over-dependence on oil and gas.
  5. Development of Infrastructure: The mining industry contributes to the development of infrastructure such as roads, rail lines, and electricity.
  6. Technological Advancement: Mining companies in Nigeria and Africa adopt modern mining techniques and technologies. This helps to improve the efficiency of mining operations.
  7. Job Creation: The mining industry provides employment opportunities for both skilled and unskilled labor. This helps to reduce the level of unemployment in Nigeria and Africa.
  8. Capacity Building: The mining industry provides training and capacity building opportunities for the workforce. This helps to improve the skill set of the labor force.
  9. Environmental Management: Mining companies in Nigeria and Africa adopt environmentally friendly practices. This helps to reduce the negative impact of mining on the environment.
  10. Social Development: Mining companies engage in corporate social responsibility activities such as building schools, hospitals, and providing potable water.
  11. Poverty Reduction: The mining industry helps to reduce poverty by providing employment opportunities and engaging in social development activities.
  12. Infrastructure Development: The mining industry contributes to the development of infrastructure such as roads, rail lines, and electricity.
  13. Technology Transfer: The mining industry facilitates the transfer of technology from developed countries to Nigeria and Africa.
  14. Improved Standards of Living: The mining industry helps to improve the standards of living of the people by providing employment opportunities, social amenities, and engaging in poverty reduction activities.
  15. Boosts Agricultural Production: The mining industry contributes to the growth of agriculture in Nigeria and Africa by providing fertilizers and other agricultural inputs.

See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Tissue Paper Production Business In Nigeria and Africa: The Complete Guide

Business Opportunities In The Mining Company Business In Nigeria and Africa

  1. Mineral Exploration: Nigeria and Africa have vast mineral resources that are yet to be fully explored, creating opportunities for mining companies to conduct exploration and tap into these resources.
  2. Mining Equipment Leasing: Mining companies require specialized equipment to operate efficiently, but the high cost of acquiring such equipment can be a challenge. Leasing provides an affordable option for companies to access the required equipment.
  3. Mining Consultancy: Mining consultancy services offer guidance and support to mining companies in areas such as legal compliance, environmental impact assessments, and feasibility studies, among others.
  4. Mineral Trading: The export of minerals from Nigeria and Africa provides opportunities for mining companies to generate revenue through the sale of their mined products to other countries.
  5. Mineral Processing: Mining companies can add value to their mined products by processing them into finished products, which can generate higher profits.
  6. Mining Software: Software solutions can help mining companies manage their operations more efficiently, including managing logistics, scheduling, and data analysis.
  7. Mine Security: Security is a critical aspect of mining operations, and mining companies require specialized security services to safeguard their operations.
  8. Water Treatment: Mining operations can generate wastewater that can be harmful to the environment, and mining companies require water treatment services to manage this waste and ensure compliance with environmental regulations.
  9. Mining Safety Equipment: Mining operations involve various hazards, and companies need safety equipment such as helmets, boots, and protective gear to ensure the safety of their workers.
  10. Haulage Services: Transportation is a critical component of mining operations, and companies require reliable and efficient haulage services to move their mined products.
  11. Mining Infrastructure: The development of infrastructure such as roads, rail networks, and ports is critical to the success of mining operations, and mining companies can leverage these opportunities.
  12. Mining Training: Mining companies require skilled workers to operate efficiently, and training services can help to develop the required skills and expertise.
  13. Waste Management: Mining operations generate significant waste, and companies require waste management services to dispose of this waste safely and in compliance with environmental regulations.
  14. Mining Finance: Mining companies require funding to operate, and finance services can provide the required capital to support operations.
  15. Renewable Energy: Mining companies can leverage renewable energy solutions to reduce their energy costs and minimize their environmental impact.

See Also: 25+ Lucrative Mining Business Ideas And Opportunities in Nigeria

Facts About The Mining Company Business In Nigeria that will give make you $38,000 yearly

  1. Mining contributes significantly to the Nigerian economy, accounting for 0.3% of GDP in 2019.
  2. Nigeria has rich mineral resources, including tin, coal, and gold.
  3. The mining sector in Nigeria has been largely dominated by small-scale artisanal miners.
  4. The mining sector in Africa is projected to grow at a rate of 5.7% from 2020 to 2029.
  5. The African continent is home to a variety of mineral resources, including diamonds, gold, copper, and iron ore.
  6. In 2020, Nigeria was ranked 28th in the world for mineral production, with a total value of $1.5 billion.
  7. Mining companies in Nigeria face a number of challenges, including inadequate infrastructure and lack of government support.
  8. Mining companies in Africa have also faced challenges related to political instability and corruption.
  9. The use of new technologies such as AI and automation is expected to increase in the mining industry in Africa.
  10. The mining industry in Africa has the potential to create jobs and boost economic growth in the region.
  11. Mining companies in Africa are increasingly adopting sustainable and responsible mining practices.
  12. The African mining industry has seen an increase in investment from China in recent years.
  13. The African mining industry is also seeing increased investment from Canadian and Australian mining companies.
  14. Nigeria is home to several international mining companies, including Anglo American and BHP Billiton.
  15. The Nigerian government has launched several initiatives to attract foreign investment in the mining sector, including tax incentives and the establishment of a mining investment fund.
  16. The mining sector in Africa has been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, with a decrease in demand for minerals and disruptions to supply chains.
  17. The African Union has established the African Mining Vision, a roadmap for sustainable and equitable mining development in the region.
  18. The African Development Bank has launched a program to support the development of the mining industry in Africa.
  19. The African Mining Partnership, established in 2003, aims to promote sustainable mining practices and foster cooperation between African countries.
  20. The African Minerals Development Centre provides technical support and capacity building to African countries to promote sustainable and responsible mining practices.
  21. Nigeria is home to the National Iron Ore Mining Company, which is responsible for the exploration, mining, and processing of iron ore deposits in the country.
  22. The Nigerian Mining Cadastre Office is responsible for the administration and management of mineral titles in the country.
  23. The Nigerian government is currently undertaking reforms to streamline the mining sector and attract foreign investment.
  24. The African mining industry has seen an increase in mergers and acquisitions in recent years.
  25. The mining industry in Africa has the potential to contribute significantly to sustainable development in the region.

See Also: How To Start Exporting Lead Ore Minerals & Concentrates From Nigeria To International Buyers

Types Of Mining Company Businesses In Nigeria and Africa

  1. Artisanal and Small-scale Mining (ASM): ASM refers to the use of rudimentary and often manual techniques to extract minerals. This type of mining is common in rural areas and involves low levels of investment, technology, and environmental and social standards.
  2. Industrial Mining: Industrial mining involves large-scale, mechanized operations that utilize advanced technologies and equipment to extract minerals. This type of mining is capital-intensive and requires significant investment in infrastructure, logistics, and human resources.
  3. Quarry Mining: Quarry mining refers to the extraction of building materials such as stone, gravel, and sand from open-pit mines or quarries. This type of mining is commonly used in the construction industry for building projects.
  4. Coal Mining: Coal mining is the extraction of coal from underground mines or open-pit mines. Nigeria has large coal reserves, and coal mining was a major industry in the past, but has declined over time due to the discovery of oil.
  5. Gold Mining: Gold mining is the process of extracting gold from the ground. This type of mining is common in many countries, including Nigeria and Africa.
  6. Tin Mining: Tin mining involves the extraction of tin ore from the ground. Nigeria was once a major exporter of tin, but the industry has declined due to a combination of factors, including low prices and competition from other countries.
  7. Iron Ore Mining: Iron ore mining involves the extraction of iron ore from the ground. Nigeria has large iron ore reserves, but the industry is largely underdeveloped due to poor infrastructure and lack of investment.
  8. Diamond Mining: Diamond mining involves the extraction of diamonds from the ground. While Nigeria has some diamond deposits, the industry is relatively small compared to other countries in Africa.
  9. Lead and Zinc Mining: Lead and zinc mining involves the extraction of lead and zinc ore from the ground. Nigeria has significant lead and zinc deposits, but the industry is largely underdeveloped due to a combination of factors, including low prices and competition from other countries.
  10. Uranium Mining: Uranium mining involves the extraction of uranium ore from the ground. Nigeria has some uranium deposits, but the industry is largely undeveloped.
  11. Gemstone Mining: Gemstone mining involves the extraction of precious and semi-precious stones from the ground. Nigeria has significant gemstone deposits, including sapphires, rubies, and emeralds.
  12. Salt Mining: Salt mining involves the extraction of salt from underground mines or salt pans. Nigeria has significant salt reserves and the industry is a major employer in certain areas.
  13. Barite Mining: Barite mining involves the extraction of barite ore from the ground. Nigeria has significant barite deposits, and the industry has potential for growth due to increasing demand from the oil and gas industry.
  14. Wolframite Mining: Wolframite mining involves the extraction of wolframite ore from the ground. Wolframite is used in the production of tungsten, which is used in the manufacture of high-speed steel and other alloys.
  15. Columbite Mining: Columbite mining involves the extraction of columbite ore from the ground. Columbite is used in the production of niobium, which is used in the manufacture of steel alloys, superconducting materials, and other high-tech applications.

See Also: How To Start The Lucrative Export Of Lithium Ore From Nigeria To International Buyers: Lepidolite, Lepidolite, Amblygonite, & Spodumene

Types Of Solid Minerals & Metals In Nigeria and Africa

  1. Gold: Nigeria is home to several gold deposits, including Segilola, Kogi Mines, and Dangote Gold. Gold mining is a viable business opportunity in Nigeria and Africa.
  2. Coal: Nigeria is rich in coal deposits, and it is an important resource for power generation in the country.
  3. Iron Ore: Nigeria has one of the largest iron ore deposits in Africa and is home to Ajaokuta Steel Company, which was constructed to process the iron ore deposits.
  4. Lead and Zinc: Lead and Zinc are important minerals used for industrial purposes such as batteries, paints, and rubber production.
  5. Tin: Nigeria is one of the largest producers of tin in Africa, and it is mainly found in Jos, Plateau State.
  6. Columbite: Nigeria has the largest reserve of columbite in the world, and it is used for the production of niobium, which is an important component in steel production.
  7. Wolframite: Wolframite is used in the production of tungsten, which is used for the production of filaments in light bulbs, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  8. Limestone: Nigeria has large deposits of limestone, and it is used for the production of cement, which is a vital component in the construction industry.
  9. Bauxite: Bauxite is used for the production of aluminum, and Nigeria has a large reserve of the mineral in Ekiti State.
  10. Gypsum: Gypsum is used for the production of plaster of Paris, which is used for building construction, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  11. Kaolin: Kaolin is used for the production of ceramics and other industrial products, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral in several states.
  12. Tantalite: Tantalite is used for the production of tantalum, which is used in electronic equipment such as mobile phones and computers.
  13. Barite: Barite is used in the oil and gas industry for the drilling of wells, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  14. Gemstones: Nigeria is home to several gemstones, including sapphire, aquamarine, topaz, and emerald.
  15. Feldspar: Feldspar is used in the production of ceramics, glass, and other industrial products, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  16. Clay: Clay is used for the production of bricks, ceramics, and other industrial products, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral in several states.
  17. Bitumen: Bitumen is used for road construction and the production of roofing materials, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  18. Talc: Talc is used in the production of cosmetics, paint, and other industrial products, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  19. Dolomite: Dolomite is used in the production of refractory bricks and other industrial products, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  20. Rutile: Rutile is used in the production of titanium dioxide, which is used for the production of paint, plastics, and other industrial products.
  21. Garnet: Garnet is used in the production of abrasives, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  22. Mica: Mica is used in the production of electrical equipment, insulation materials, and other industrial products, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  23. Nickel: Nickel is used for the production of stainless steel, and Nigeria has large deposits of the mineral.
  24. Lithium: Lithium is used for the production of rechargeable batteries and other electronic devices, and Nigeria has potential deposits of the mineral.
  25. Phosphate: Phosphate is used in the production of fertilizers, and Nigeria has potential deposits of the mineral.

And much more.

See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Event & Party Equipment Rental Business In Nigeria and Africa: The Complete Guide

2 Ways Coal Can Still Make You Rich (make $12,000 monthly with Coal Mining)

Few industries have been more brutalized in recent years than coal. However, this article explains how long-term investors can still make a killing in this unloved but still lucrative industry.

ake metallurgical pure play Walter Energy (WLTGQ) for example.

Back in 2011 when metallurgical coal, (used to make steel) was at a high of $350/ton, Walter Energy acquired high-cost Canadian coal miner Western Coal for $3.3 billion.

Today due to soft demand from China and new supply from Australia, metallurgical coal is trading for $120/ton and Walter has had to: cut its dividend 90%, shut down its Canadian mine and attempt to cut administrative expenses by 10% this year.

Walter’ Energy’s biggest problem is its massive debt load of $2.4 billion, in the form of bonds with interest rates of 8.5%-11%. With a debt/adjusted EBITDA ratio of 24 and the company hemorrhaging cash, Walter will deplete its cash reserves by the end of 2015. This is why the company’s bonds are trading for 60% of face value (yielding 20%) and 65% of the company’s shares are held by short sellers.

The only way Walter Energy survives is if it either sells more shares and dilutes shareholders as it’s been doing at an annual rate of 5.3% since 2006 (see the chart above) or if metallurgical coal prices rebound.

Walter Energy: speculative commodity bet
This is pretty much what investors in Walter Energy are now doing, making a speculative commodity bet that metallurgical coal will rebound before the company’s cash runs out. Given its massive short interest and the fact that each $1/ton increase in metallurgical coal price is worth about $10 million in EBITDA, this is a bet that may pay off handsomely. For example, should metallurgical coal rebound to $175/ton, Walter Energy’s EBITDA would soar to $715 million, its debt/EBITDA would fall to 3.36, and it could easily service its debts. This would likely send the share price soaring several fold in the short-term.

However, here at The Motley Fool we believe in owning high-quality companies with solid management teams and good growth prospects. That is why I don’t recommend Walter Energy but rather Alliance Resource Partners (ARLP -1.30%) and its general partner Alliance Holdings GP (NASDAQ: AHGP).

Unlike Walter Energy, which has returned -4.5% annual total returns over the last 15 years (vs the greater market’s 8.8%), Alliance Resource Partners and Alliance Holdings have proven to be very good at making long-term income investors rich. For example, Alliance Holdings in the last 10 years has nearly tripled the market (20.6% annual returns vs 7.7%) while Alliance Resource Partners, over the last 17 years has beaten the market by 583% (31.4% annual returns vs 4.6%).

While I don’t expect either security to continue with such sky-high returns, there are three reasons I believe Alliance Resources can outperform the market in the long-run and make income investors very rich.

The first reason is because Alliance Resources has some of the best, lowest-cost reserves in America in the form of its 14 Illinois and Appalachia mines.

With coal fired electricity production up 15.1%, overall coal consumption up 12.6%, and utility coal reserves down 28% this year, it seems a bottom has formed in the coal market.

Alliance Resource Partners, which has reported 13 consecutive years of record production and revenues (as well as 24 consecutive quarters of distribution growth) is well poised to continue its impressive winning streak.

Specifically it has three projects: two new mines (Gibson South and an investment in the White Oak mine) and one expansion (Tunnel Ridge longwall), that will result in a 29% increase in coal production by 2016.

What’s more, Alliance Resource Partners has proven itself a master at cutting costs, with production costs at Tunnel Ridge dropping 29% this quarter.

The second reason for investing in Alliance Resource Partners is because management has proven itself skilled at protecting the balance sheet and unit holder wealth. Consider this:

  • Alliance Resource Partners hasn’t had a secondary offering since 2003 (almost unheard of with MLPs).
  • Its leverage is remarkably low with a debt/EBITDA ratio of 1.2 vs 3.9 for MLPs and 7 for the coal industry.
  • Its distribution coverage ratio over the last year is 1.58, representing a bank-vault like distribution/dividend security and portending strong growth in years to come.

Which brings me to the final reason for investing in Alliance Resource Partners: the generous yield of 5.3%, which analysts predict will grow at 8.5% for Alliance Resource Partners and 9.8% for Alliance Holdings for the next 10 years.

With dividend/distribution growth like that long-term investors can expect total returns of about 14.5%-15.9% annually over the next decade.

Foolish bottom line
Walter Energy represents the kind of short-term, speculative coal play I’d recommend investors avoid. Alliance Resource Partners on the other hand is the epitome of a Foolish investment. It represents a best of breed company with impeccable management, a rock-solid balance sheet, and a Volvo-safe dividend/distribution set to grow strongly over the next decade. 

Know the Uses of Gold that will make You $15,000 monthly

Throughout history gold has been highly sought-after, revered and cherished. More than that, it is used for a myriad of applications and remains one of the most sought-after precious metals found on the planet.

Gold is highly prized not only for its natural beauty but for its rarity, usefulness and versatility, and can be found in almost every sphere of modern life. Gold’s many, and diverse, properties – some of which are unique to gold – make it an indispensable and vital component in various fields. Traditionally gold has been used to make coins, bullion and jewellery, but in recent times it has been used in a variety of less typical ways.


The use of gold in making jewellery dates back to around 6,000 years ago. Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun’s famous burial mask was made from gold. Approximately 78% of the total gold mined each year is made into jewellery as it is very easy to work, can be drawn into wires, hammered into thin sheets, melted and cast into shapes, is tarnish resistant, has a very high lustre and a desirable yellow colour.

Jewellery is still the most common way gold reaches consumers.


Throughout history, gold has been seen as a symbol of wealth and used for financial transactions. The first purely gold coins are believed to have been manufactured in the Asia Minor kingdom of Lydia in 560 BC. This tradition continues today and gold is still the most popular precious metal for investments.

One of the most common ways to hold or invest in gold is in gold coins, gold bars, or gold bullion. South Africa’s Krugerrand is the world’s most widely-held and actively-traded gold bullion coin, developed by the country’s Minerals Council. The first 22 karat gold Krugerrand was minted on 3 July 1967.


Gold has been used in dentistry since 700 BC. It is chemically inert, easy to insert and non-allergenic in nature and therefore highly suitable for fillings, crowns, bridges and orthodontic appliances. The gold used in dentistry is predominantly white gold, usually 15 karat or higher, or a gold alloy.

Gold is also used in medicine in salt or radioisotope forms which are taken orally or via injection to alleviate certain conditions including severe rheumatoid arthritis and tuberculosis. Small amounts of gold isotopes are used in the diagnosis and treatment of certain illnesses. In lagophthalmos, a condition characterised by a person’s inability to close their eyes, a small amount of gold is planted in the upper eyelid to help the person close their eyes. The gold isotope, gold-198, is used in the treatment of cancer.


Gold plays a vital role in the aerospace industry where consistent and effective technologies are key to survival. Gold is used to lubricate various mechanical parts, in circuitry to conduct electricity and to coat the insides of spacecraft to protect people inside from infrared radiation and heat.


Gold is a dependable, highly-efficient conductor and connector, and it does not corrode making it perfect for use in circuitry.

A small amount is found in almost all electronic devices, including cell phones, televisions, calculators and global positioning system (GPS) units.

Rapid accurate transmission of digital information is vital in today’s world and gold, as an efficient and reliable conductor, is often found in desktop and laptop computers to facilitate accurate transmission of digital data at remarkable speeds.


The unparalleled beautify and qualities of gold make it one of the highest status symbols. We use gold for our most noteworthy objects: wedding rings, Olympic medals, religious icons and Oscars.

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